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ԤŹޤ1949ǯ϶ȤŹŬ̲ΤΤդȤ󡢻򤳤Ƶ奨꡼򹯰ݻΩľʤʤɡġξʤ򥢥ơ֥ǾܤҲ𤷤ޤ͡

襤⤭ءķ򸫤пΤĴ狼

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44īΥ⡼˥Ȥǡַ򸫤пΤĴ狼פȤƤǤƤޤ

ͤϢä椫鸫ޤΤǤ٤ƤƤʬޤ󡣤ɤ⡢⤭ءפȤ֤ˤʤ­΢ǥХ󥹤ȤʤʤꡢΤĤǤޤȤΤȤǤ

ΤĤǭءĤȶΥХ󥹤ޤ̡žݤ䤹ʤäꤷޤ



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ΥեåȥåǤ⤭ؤɤϤʬޤĤߤʬޤΤꤷƻ٤Ƥ뤫ʬޤ

īȤǤϲȤƥ뱿ưҲ𤷤Ƥޤ¤ϥᥤɡ󥽡ȤΩ⤯ȤνťХ󥹤ʤɤƤޤ

ƿΤĤߤޤǽǤС­󡢤Ҥ桢ʤɤĴڤˤƤ뤳Ȥ⤢ޤ

ȤƤԻ׵Ĥʥ󥽡֥Х󥹳̿פ򤼤ҤĺȻפޤθϡߤΤȤǯ2»ܤƤޤΥ󥯤鼡󳫺ޤ

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󳫺
򥯥å

󥽡



عΤ椬ߤпΤϥ饯ˤʤ

ͭ̾ȯȡޥθդޤ

The doctor of the future will give no medicine but will interest his patients in the care of the human frame, in diet, and in the cause and prevention of disease.

ΰաʰءˤϡȤ鷺ʹ֤ιʡ¤ܤȤǿ͡򹯤Ƴ


ȤƤⶽ̣դǤ͡µͤȤʤȼʤȹͤƤ¿Ǥµ򼣤ΤϿʹ֤οΤˤȤäƤּϡפƯǤͤϤƤˤޤ󡣼Ϥ뤳Ȥ򹯤뤿˽פǤ

Х󥹳̿


Ϥع
Ϥع椬Ǥ㲼ȤƤޤعˤ椬ߤȻʤǤʤΥХ󥹤졢¡¡ǽ㲼ϤƤޤޤ

դ˹ͤƤߤƤعΤ椬ߤȤǼϤޤꡢµʬȤϤǼƤǤʤޤޤµͽɤˤΩĤȤ櫓Ǥ

عΤ椬
عǹȤ֥åѤ߽ŤʤäƤޤǹǹδ֤ˤϥå򤹤ǴĤޤ

ѥ饹(c)ե꡼ǥ륤饹ȿ޴ ʸ

Ǵ

عϿΤ٤ǤϤޤǾα񤫤ΤӤԿȤФ«ϡǹζƶ̤ä¡ȤĤʤäƤޤΤᡢعΤ椬ߤϼΧФ¡ˤƶΤĴƤӹ̤Ȥʤޤ

椬ߤαƶ
ع椬ȤäƤµˤʤ櫓ǤϤޤعΤ椬ߡʤˤ椬ߤȡλɤˤݤȤȤơȤζλȤѤޤζĥ˥Х󥹤ȤȤǤ

δФ򥭥åФΰ۾ΤȡŤ뤤Ƭˤ줬ȴʤʤɤξɾȤƤޤξɾϿΤ˰۾郎Ƥ뤳ȤΤ餻ٹΥ󡣤Υ֤Ƥȡ䤬ԿοФƯ㲼¡ǽˤپ㤬ޤ

Τ뤿Τ椬
عΤ椬ߤµäˤʤ¡ΰ۾򥫥С뤿˻ʤ뤳Ȥ⤢ޤȤСߤȡ뷹ޤ줿¡٤ޤ뤿̵ռˤΤ褦ʥݡˤʤΤǤɻ٤󤽤򴵤äƤȡĤδ֤ˤǭؤˤʤΤ⡢ԤҤƸƵۤ䤹褦ˤ뤿Ǥ

ع椬ึ
ع椬ึ¿ͤǤΤ䥱¡ܤΤʤɡġɤ¿ΤȤ转ˤäλĹ³뤳ȤˤΤǤȤСΩäƤŻ¤äƤŻդΤ褦ˤĤӤ夲ƹĤʸ񤤤ƤŻޤ¦­ФȤꡢɤ餫θ˥Х򤫤뽬

Τ褦ʥХ󥹤ʿΤλȤ򤷤Ƥȡζĥˤ⥢Х󥹤عƤäƤޤޤ

Ȥ椬
Ūʥȥ쥹ǤʤŪʥȥ쥹ع椬븶ǤֿΤ椬ߡפϡعΤ椬ߡפˤäȿǤޤȤСŪʥȥ쥹ޤä֤ˤʤȡϤ̣ˤʤꡢ椬Ȥޤ뤯ʤ꤬Ǥʤȡع椬ߢΧФ¡˱ƶͿ뢪ΤĴȤʤäƤޤ

ĤޤꡢعȿФ¡ϱ̿ƱΡä椬Фä椬ȤشطǤƿȿΤɽ΢ΡϿΤ˻ۤ졢ΤϿ˻ۤ줤ȤǤ礦

ʤΤ椬ߤ
¬ꤷƤߤޤ󤫡


Х󥹳̿θ
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򥯥å


եåȥå


Ի׵Ĥʥ󥽡
Х󥹳̿θ

Х󥹳̿


Ԥˤ륢ơ뤪Ǥϡȷ򹯤ΩľʤƤҲ𤷤Ƥޤ᤯ˤϤڤˤΩ꤯

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ˡǴġߤդȤΤí

ޤǤΤ餤Ǥˤˤ͡ʸޤΤǰ쳵ˤϤޤ󤬡ˤǤǺߤϡޤǤλȽοդƤߤƲĹ֤ȤäƤޤ󤫡ĤǭػˤʤäƤޤ󤫡ƽǴĤؤôڸǤ褦ʿˤʤäƤޤΤˤϥˤ䤵ߤդȤǺबɬפˤʤäƤޤ

餫ߤդȤǺǤޤäߤդȤǺǤϡVˤʤäƤޤޤΤǹǴġˤؤô礭ʤޤˤ䤵ߤդȤǺǤϤޤ

ߤդȤǺϡˤ򤪤ǽ⤢ޤʬ˵©뤳Ȥ񤷤ʤޤΤᡢ⥫ˤ䤵ߤդȤǺǤϤޤ

ǤϤɤߤդȤɤΤǤ礦

ŹιȿȯǺʻ־¤ΡˤϡDzȤ餫̤ǤȤ٤ȤĹޤƻؤȿͺؤǤϤߡäϤäȻؤȻؤäĤ餤餫ΤǤξμΤҤǤϤߡϤäƤۤȤɱߤޤ

䤿ˤʤäƿƤ֤򲣤鸫ȡ䤿Υ̤Ȥ߹蘆äƤޤʬפȤƤߤСʬľ¤礭ʡסʬľ¤椯餤Ρסʬľ¤פȤʤޤʬϤۤɤ褯߹ΰʬޤ

ơװʳʬϤۤȤɱޤäȻ٤ޤ

߹߶礬֤ۤɤ褯פȤΤפǤ߹ߤVˤʤäƤǴĤô򤫤ƤޤޤľΩع饤ݤƤƤ֤Τޤޡʬ߹뤳ȤڤʤΤǤ

illust2275νϤ뤳ȤǴĤˤôڸǤʤع饤ĶʤʤǴĤ;ʬʰϤ⤫ޤ󡣤ȤƤˤ䤵ߤդȤǺȤޤ

쥿ǺȤϰ㤤¤Ū̵ͥƤޤΤǾޤ󡣥ˤιĶʹⲹ¿ˤǤϤޤΤǡ̤ǤȤƤ⤪ᤷޤ

Źᡢˤ䤵ߤդȤϥ

ˡǴġߤդȤΤí

ϻ̤ιؤô٤ˤĤƤäޤγư֤˰ϤʤäƤޤäǴĤΤϡˤʤä7ְʾ忲뤳ȤȤäޤɤ⿲ƤȤλˤäƤϡդǴĤô򤫤ƤޤȤȤ⤪äޤ

Ϥ褤ޤ

γˤ
νŤγ

νų

䤿ˤʤäƿƤȤ줾ΥѡĤˤϰۤʤΰޤǯηˤä̯˰ۤʤäƤޤʹֹŪˤϰֽŤʬֹפ44%˽ŤΤֶפ33%ֵפ15%Ƭʷˡפ8%ȤʤޤĤޤ꿲Ƥ֤Ǥ϶ȹνŤ80%٤Ƥ뤳Ȥˤʤޤ

ĹǯȤäޥåȥ쥹ߤդȤ򸫤Ƥ館аʤʬǤޤ󤫡ޤ˥ơ򤷤ƤϤޤΩʤ⤷ޤ󤬡ۤȤɤΥޥåȥ쥹ߤդȤϱǤϤǤ

ɤʤդȤ󤬤
餫ᡩᡩ

ߤդȤΤȥ

 餫
餫ߤդȤο


֡ȤʤäȿȯǺʤɤΤ餫ߤդȤϡŤ˱ƱǤޤֽŤʬֱߤޤΤǡҹĸӤˤʤäǴġˤô礭ʤޤ

ޤ餫ߤդȤǤϤޤ󤬡ʤ錄ߤդȤӺǤ錄ߤդȤʤΤѰΤߤդȤϽ˹ʬإäƤޤǯѤˤäƤäǤޤäǺϸˤޤ󡣹ʬߤդȤ˿³ƤȡҹĸӤˤʤޤΤǡƤ֤ˤ⤫餺ؤô礭ʤޤΤᡢʬߤդȤǺ餫ߤդȤǺϤǤޤ


ߤդȤο


ʤ餫ߤդȤǺǤϤɤǤ礦Dz֤Ƥʤ錄ߤդȤʤɡΤإäƤޤä֤٤դȤפ٥åɤʤɤʤ꤫ϤǤ͡餫ߤդȤǺϡȤƤϰޤضڤԡȿФľΩƱǿ뤳ȤޤΤǡؤô礭ޤ

ɤ⡢νŤ80%򸪡ʶˤȤʹˤǰ٤³ޤΤǡīȤ˸Ȥ˰򴶤ǽޤˤߤդȤǤϡΤӤ줿ʬ˷֤ޤΤǡʬζĥ֤Τåޤ©뤳Ȥ̲礭ǤΤǡޥʥװȤǤ

ʤ褤ǽϤǤ

ˡǴġߤդȤΤí

ϡֹˡפʤܿͤ1319ͤȰŪ¿ȡϤͤι̱¤Ȥ⤤ֹˡפθϡʤȤäŪװȥȥ쥹ʤɤοŪװ¡ˤΤ̤뤳ȡ

ʹ֤Υܤȡ䤿ꡢʤǤΤعδ֤ˡǴġפȤåब뤫ȤȡΡǴġפƬνϤ̤ξ׷˶ޤƤĤ֤Ƥޤȡɤ⡢ˤʤä֤Ϣ³7ְʾ忲뤳ȤǴĤϸ̤˲ȤȤޤ

ǴĤ
Ȥ


ڻ̡۹ô

οޤľΩǤιäǴĤˤô100ȤˡɤʻȤô礭ʤΤɤʻôʤΤ򼨤Ƥޤ

ľΩ걦¦λ򸫤Ʋï˰򤹤ȤϡӡǸդΤʤǽŤΤġӤȤ̤¿ȤǤ礦ǥΤŻ򤵤ƥѥʤɤǺȤʤҺ¤ӤȡҺ¤äӤǰᤴ뤳ȤǤ礦ֺǰʻϡҺ¤ä&ŤΤġӤǡľΩ2.75ܤôޤ

դ줿⤢뤫⤷ޤ󤬡¤Ϥλ̤ʾ֤ǤϤޤ󡣻䤿ԤäƤγưˤǤ

γưˤơ᤿ꡢʤꡢˤϤλ٤򤫤ȤȤϡǴĤˤ礭Ϥ򤫤ƤȤȤǤ

ľΩ꺸¦ϳư֤λǤϤޤ󡣰γư򽪤Ƶ©뽢λǤ

ιǴĤؤôϡҲӤľΩ25%ڸ졢ҶĸӤ75%ڸƤޤ

ƬνϤ뤿ᡢǴĤôڸϤνǤ㳰ޤֺ¦ΡҹߤĸӤǤľΩ1.5ܤôˤʤäƤޤޤ

ʤǴĤؤΰϤڸơ̤θߤ˲٤ˡҹߤĸӻȡпۤɹ˾ɾƤǤ͡

ˡǴġߤդȤΤí

ϹˤǤǺߤƤǤƤƤ˾ĹˤʤäƤޤޤλ

ܿͤμоɾ
ֹˡפȡָפ
ġե˥å

ϫƯʤι̱Ĵʿ22ǯ»ܡˤˤȡµ䤱ǼоɾΤͤϿ͸ͤ322.2͡μоɾ1̤ϡֹˡפ89.1͡2ָ̤פ604͡μоɾ1̤ϡָפ129.8͡2ֹ̤ˡפ117.6ͤȤʤäƤޤ

8.91%11.76%ֹˡפǺǤȤȤˤʤꡢ̳׶ɤˤʿ26ǯ21ߤܤο͸127186185/6534/͡ˤ׻ȡܿΤ551ܿ͡ͽΤ768͡פ1319ֹͤˡפμоɾʤƤȤȤˤʤޤ

͸10.3%Ȥ¿ȻפޤȤ⾯ʤȻפޤ

ܤο͸12718ϥ㡼Ȼޤ줿Ф֤俲ΤǯޤޤƤޤޤܹۤˤȤ̵ȿ¬10塢20μԤޤޤޤΤǡʿ¬Ǥ40ʹߤϤʤγΨǹ˾ɾ򤫤ƤΤǤϤʤȻפޤ

ˤθ
✴︎Ķ✴︎
✴︎ϫ✴︎
✴︎㲼✴︎
✴︎✴︎
✴︎ȥ쥹✴︎
✴︎¡✴︎

¿οͤɾʤƤˤǤҤȤ˹ˤȤäƤ⸶͡ǤĹ֤αư٤αưˤϫˤäƤΡ㲼ˤäضڤʢڤΥХ󥹤餪ΡΰˤʤĤߤ餪Ρ䤨ˤɤ餪Ρˤ϶٤ζĥ֤俴Ūȥ쥹餪Ρ¡ΤΤʤɡǤ⡢ΰȹͤˤˤĤƤϡľƤȤDz륱⤢ޤ

ǤäȻ䤿ʹ֤ΥˤĤƾߤƤߤޤ礦

٤ع
å
Ǵ(ĤФ)

ѥ饹(c)ե꡼ǥ륤饹ȿ޴ ʸ
ѥ饹ȡ(c)ե꡼ǥ륤饹ȿ޴
Ǵ


عѤڤΤ褦Ѥ߽ŤʤäƤǹפȤ24Ĥιȡȹδ֤ǥå򤹤23ĤΡǴġʤĤФˡפΩäƤޤǴĤϻ䤿ˤʤäƿƤְʳƬ٤ƤޤŪƬνŤ8%ȤƤޤΤǡνŤ60Ԥʤ4.8ԡ70Ԥʤ5.6Ԥ⤢뤳Ȥˤʤޤ

ʤߤ4.8ԤȤȥܡ󥰤εǡ11פȽ񤫤Ƥ11ݥɢ4.99ԡˡ70Ԥλϡ13פȽ񤫤Ƥ13ݥɢ5.89ԡˤȤۤƱŤˤʤޤΤǡ򤺡ȻäƤȤʤȽˤȤäƤϷ빽ŤǤ͡빽ŤƬ򥯥åȤƻ٤ƤǴĤäƽϫƯȻפޤ󤫡

ǴĤϻ䤿⤤ꡢäꤷݤ̤׷ۼ̤ƤޤĤޤꡢ夫νϤȲξ׷˶ޤʤĥäƤΤǴĤʤΤǤ

ƻ䤿᤿Τ϶μ̤ϤǤȹΥåǤǴĤäƤ뤪Ǥ⤢ޤΤǤʤȶôǤʤǴĤˤʾΰϤޤ

ϤäƤĤ֤Ƥޤäޤޤξ֤Ĺ³ƤȺǸˤǴĤФ˿ƤޤֹˡפȤʤäƤޤޤ

;̤ǤīȤ뿲˿Ŭä顢ۤȤɤοͤ1ؤ㤯ʤäƤ뤽ǤƬνϤ̤ξ׷ۼǴĤĤ֤ƤޤäǤ

ʤߤˡīƤƬνϤ̤ξ׷˶ޤƸߤĤ֤ƤޤäǴĤǤȤƤñʤ뤳Ȥ򤹤Ȳޤ

򤹤Фʬޤ

¤ϴ˥ҥȤ񤤤ƤޤޤڤʬʤΤǤ⤦ʸǽ񤭤ޤ͡ǴĤϻ䤿ˤʤäƿƤְʳƬ٤ƤޤפȤΤҥȤǤǤ⤢ޤǴĤ뤢뤳ȤȤϡˤʤä֤Ϣ³7ְʾ忲뤳פʤΤǤƬνϤƤ7֤ƤСߤʤäǴĤϸ̤˲뤽Ǥ

ޤ;̤ˤʤޤǴĤϥοˤȥ顼ޤؤǤƤƥΤ褦ˤ餫Ѥ뤳Ȥޤ㤤ǴĤϤ餫ΤǤͤˤʤǯŤͤˤĤƹŤʤꡢʤʤäƤޤȤȤ˥οʬ̤뤿ǡǴĤοʬ̤Ʊͤ˸Ϥʤʤʤޤ¤ϤΤȤǯŤͤˤĤƹ˾ɾäװǤ⤢ޤ

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